Spaying refers to removing a female dog’s reproductive organs in order to make her sterile.
Besides preventing unwanted litters , some benefits of spaying your dog include reduced chance of mammary cancer (if done before 2.5 years of age), lack of dog’s heat(menstrual) cycles (which usually occur twice a year) and lower possibility of uterine infection (Pyometra). In addition, it may help with other problems such as inter-dog aggression, pseudopregnancy or attraction of roaming male dogs.
spaying dogs methods:
Ovariohysterectomy is the procedure in which the uterus and both ovaries of the female dog are removed.
- After your pet has been sedated by a general anesthetic, the veterinarian will prepare the stomach area for an incision into the abdomen.
- A spay hook is used to pull the uterus and ovaries out of the abdominal cavity. At this point, the ovaries and uterus are removed.
- Stitches, or sutures, are used to tie off the ovaries as each is removed. More stitches are used to close up the incision, allowing the muscles and skin to heal. The sutures that are commonly used will dissolve on their own. This usually takes 1 to 2 weeks and is beneficial for the pet as another stressful trip to the veterinarian is not required. The use of a cone or neck pillow can be helpful to prevent the animal from excessively licking the incision area; potentially causing problems with the healing process.
Pros: Some veterinarians and research has shown that removing the uterus prevents the canine from getting uterus cancer.
Cons: may not be available in Europe, some pet owners may find it unethical to remove the uterus while removing only ovaries (Ovariectomy) can sterilize their pet.
Recovery time : 7-14 days
Cost : CAD $60 – CAD $700
Procedure: This procedure is almost identical to the Ovariohysterectomy, except that the uterus is not removed at the same time as the ovaries.
Pros: Other than a slightly shorter surgery & healing time, it has not been proven than it is more advantageous than an Ovariohysterectomy.
Cons: May not be widely available in the USA and Canada
Recovery time : 7-14 days
Cost : CAD $500 – CAD $1,000
3. Laparoscopic Spay
Procedure: For this surgery, a veterinarian uses heat sealing device that can be used on the blood vessels of the ovaries and uterus. Performing a spay using devices that cauterize and seal the tissue minimizes bleeding and potential infection from internal incisions.
Pros: small incisions, much quicker recovery time
Cons: more expensive, may not be available at your vet or in your city
Recovery Time: 2-5 days
Cost : CAD $700 – CAD $1,200
Done with the use of chemical or hormonal treatments, nonsurgical sterilization still has a way to go before it becomes a reliable, single-dose treatment for sterilization. As well as having the potential to become ineffective over time, these types of nonsurgical treatments are prohibitively expensive.
Pros: No risks associated with anesthesia or incisions
Cons: Possible risk of fertility in the future. One type of treatment is not effective for both male and female canines.
Recovery Time: Not applicable due to no surgery
Costs: Very high
recommended age for spaying female canines
Although spaying can be done on few month-old puppies, the research sponsored by AKC’s Canine Health Foundation indicates that spaying after passing puberty period may bring long-term health benefits for a dog. According to many studies larger dog breeds mature later than smaller ones so it is always a good idea to consult with your vet to determine the best age depending on your dog’s breed and health conditions.
Is Spay and Neuter Surgery Risky?
While both spayings is a major surgical procedure, the overall incidence of complications is exceptionally low. Risks due to anesthesia and infection problems have been reduced by modern surgical science to a negligible level.
benefits of spaying and neutering
Besides preventing unwanted litters, some benefits of spaying your dog include reduced chance of mammary cancer (if done before 2.5 years of age), lack of dog’s heat cycles (which usually occur twice a year), and lower possibility of uterine infection (Pyometra). In addition, it may help with other problems such as inter-dog aggression, pseudopregnancy, or attraction of roaming male dogs.
What Do I Need to Monitor After Spay Surgery?
- Excessive swelling
- Odor or discharge from the surgical site
Recovery after spaying
Although most of the time there is no need for your pet to spend the night at the veterinary hospital, it is important to follow your vet’s recommendations to keep your dog safe and comfortable after being discharged. Usually, it takes around 10-14 days for a dog to fully recover after surgery depending on the age, health and method of spaying.
- After taking your dog home, keep her in a quiet room on her bed or in a comfortable space, and have a bowl of water near her. Be ready for her being sleepy and groggy for up to 24 hours after the surgery due to anesthetic.
- If you have other animals at home, make sure they cannot come to the area where your pet is resting.
- Have some pee pads handy as your dog may urinate more frequently.
- Use a cone, an inflatable collar, a medical pet shirt or similar products to prevent your dog from licking the incision area.
- Follow your vet’s recommendation on administering pain medication or antibiotics.
- If your vet has recommended a reduced amount of food for the first day, follow the instructions and in case your dog vomits after eating, don’t feed her until the next day. You dog may not have an appetite for a day or two. You can give her small amounts of chicken breast or other dog friendly human food in this period.
- It is normal for the dogs to not defecate for a day or two. If the condition persists for over 72 hours, contact your vet.
- Restrain your dog from jumping, climbing up the stairs, and playing with other dogs for at least a week.